d'arcy thomson




































































































































































































































































































































































































.






















BEEHIVE

cell



CELL

larder



CELL

cradle








WINGED-ATOM

bee








OUR MOTHER
THE QUEEN

bienenk├Ânigin



QUEEN-RIGHT

lay









THE BEE'S
WEE HAMPER

corbicula










SINGING-CLOUD

swarm







THE OLD QUEEN
WITH THE SWARM
IN HER REAR

cast




BLUE-BLOODS

nymphs




FANFARE FOR
THE EIGHTH DAY

piping




CHAIN-GANG

festoon




DAINTY, PURITY
& MATHEMATICAL EXACTITUDE

comb




WOVEN WITHIES &
FLUNG DUNG


cloom












WEATHER-SHELTER

bole
 






MIDWAY BETWEEN
HOLLOW & HIVE


skep
 






 CARR

pagoda



NATIONAL


crate







MIND

hive







MEN ONLY

arrhenotoky







 

ROLPH’S THEORY (I)

LESS NUTRITIVE, SMALLER,
HUNGRIER, MORE MOBILE ORGANISM


male
 




ROLPH’S THEORY (II)

MORE NUTRITIVE,
MORE QUIESCENT ORGANISM


female
 







WORKER

spinster







A SENSE
OF DECISION

 
buzz




TAKEN WITH
GERMANIC PRECISION


schwirrlauf








THE JOYFUL HUM
LUST! LUFT! LIFE!


shiusi-shiusi-shiusi!









THE FAMILIAR PATH

memory




METHODOLOGY OF
THE FIELD-BEE

 
survey



 




THROBBING STREAM
OF GOLDEN HAIL


swarm


 






(CCD)
A SIGN AMONG
THE ALMOND TREES


bee-
drop







THE KINGBIRD’S DELICACY

queen-bee







CURE

balm




 



APOSTOLIC IDYLL :
THE SAINFOIN HONEY
OF CAMBRIDGE


pale lemon








BRUDERLY ATTATCHMENT

heftzellen
 








HEAVENLY HONIED BODY

sirius







SALT-HONEY

butes








CONSPICUOUS  & UNUSUAL
BEHAVIOUR


cruising




 QUEEN

gyne










BAND

bee
 




MYTH

moth

 


 LEMNISCATE

8

 
 
NECTAR & POLLEN


energy & growth
 




CACHE

ash

  


HOLE IN THE WALL

bole
 




A TWIST OF
HOLLOW STRAW


skep
 




PEONY

peenie





 























D'Arcy Thomson, On Growth and Form

 






 

Tickner Edwardes, The Lore of the Bee












 





W. Eric Kelsey, The Spell of the Honey-Bee; bienenk├Ânigin, Ger. 'mother-bee'; Queen-right, Norfolk expression for a queen laying eggs.




 



 



T. W. Cowan, The Honey Bee; corbicula, basket formed from the tibia, for carrying propolis and pollen.










Tickner Edwardes, The Lore of the Bee













































Frank R. Cheshire, Bees & Beekeeping, Vol. 1. Listen to a hive on the evening of the 8th day after a swarming and the new queens will be heard ‘piping’; a ‘cast’ swarm leaves the hive with the old queen. Place bees in an empty hive and they will form chains, or festoons, to produce wax and make comb









Courtney Dainton, Clock Jacks & Bee Boles









A. M. Foster, Bee Boles and Bee Houses










 



Andrew Davies, Beekeeping









Tickner Edwardes, The Lore of the Bee









W. Eric Kelsey, The Spell of the Honey-Bee; arrhenotoky, in bees only drones (males) are produced by the parthenogenesis of unfertilized eggs























T. W. Cowan, The Honey Bee








Louis Sutherland, The Life of the Queen Bee

















Thomas Seeley, Honeybee Democracy; schwirrlauf, whirring dance performed by worker bees to initiate swarming.










T. W. Cowan, The Honey Bee; Cowan quotes Stahala’s translation of the calls of bees; the swarm emits a ‘shiusi’ as they first emerge from the hive; also known as “the joyful hum”. 
















Julien Francon, The Mind of the Bees











Maurice Maeterlinck, The Life of the Bee













Benjamin & McCallum, A World Without Bees




 




Louis Sutherland, The Life of the Queen Bee









H. Malcolm Fraser, Beekeeping in Antiquity; Pliny: smearing lemon balm arrests the bees’ desertion.











I. H. Jackson, Bee-keeping for Beginners; Sainfoin, Holy Clover, Onobrychis viciifolia, used for forage.









T. W. Cowan, The Honey Bee; heftzellen, cells at the top and sides of a comb, where it is affixed to the wooden frame.









Tickner Edwardes, The Lore of the Bee









Robert Graves, The White Goddess; Butes, the renowned bee-keeper of antiquity, sailed with the Argonauts.










 






Oliver E. Prys-Jones & Sarah A. Corbet, Bumblebees; male bumblebees' courtship behavior varies, depending on habitat, and is described as, variously, ‘patrolling’, ‘racing’, or ‘cruising’. The correct term for a bumblebee queen that has yet to begin laying is a gyne.














































 





(after Roderick Watson)
















 











.